4 edition of Environmental factors in the heating of buildings found in the catalog.
Environmental factors in the heating of buildings
LiiНЎa Evseevna AnapolК№skaiНЎa
|Statement||L.E. Anapolʹskaya and L.S. Gandin ; translated from Russian by H. Olaru ; translation edited by P. Greenberg.|
|Contributions||Gandin, L. S. joint author.|
|LC Classifications||TH6025 .A513|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||ix, 238 p. :|
|Number of Pages||238|
|LC Control Number||75006609|
CiteScore: ℹ CiteScore: CiteScore measures the average citations received per document published in this title. CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a given year (e.g. ) to documents published in three previous calendar years (e.g. – 14), divided by the number of documents in these three previous years (e.g. – 14). Factors that Affect HVAC Design: Heat Load Calculations - Bright Hub Engineering The most important part of the HVAC design is the heat load calculations. Heat is generated inside the room or office from various sources like humanbeings, walls of the room, roof of the room, doors, windows, electrical appliances, electronic applicances etc.
Building Energy is a very wide field which is affected by a variety of factors on many scales. the highest impact on energy consumption is caused by heating and cooling loads, and some of these. Chartered engineer Tim Bowden provides an introduction to the issues associated with heating historic properties, particularly the conflicting requirements of fabric conservation, occupant comfort and minimising energy consumption. His article includes three heating models based on different types of historic building - a conservation trust property, a Georgian townhouse and a church.
GUEST POST: As the Affordable Comfort conference kicks off today, it's appropriate to take a look at what comfort is and how we construct buildings to have the best shot at getting it. Robert Bean is an engineer in Calgary who's full of knowledge and wisdom on the topics of building science and HVAC, especially radiant heating. In addition to having all kinds of credentials and honors, he's. Fires are adverse events with tangible costs for property and human life. Quantification of the immediate and direct costs of fire provide a metric for understanding the social and economic impact of fire and for assessing progress in fire prevention and protection. In addition to their physical costs, fires have a range of less immediate and obvious adverse consequences on the natural.
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Additional Physical Format: Online version: Anapolʹskai︠a︡, Lii︠a︡ Evseevna. Environmental factors in the heating of buildings. New York: Wiley, . active thermal mass in comparison to brick or concrete walls, depending on the composition.
This diﬀerence may result in an. increased space heat and cooling demand.7−10The inﬂuence of. thermal mass on the heat balance depends on several factors, such as the climatic conditions at the building.
The goal of this study was to identify drivers of environmental impact and quantify their influence on the environmental performance of wooden and massive residential and office buildings.
We performed a life cycle assessment and used thermal simulation to quantify operational energy demand and to account for differences in thermal inertia of building by: Energy use in buildings The VELUX Group’s current terminology on energy use and windows includes two concepts: Energy Performance and Energy Balance (VELUX Group ).
Most of the energy used in buildings is used to maintain a comfortable indoor environment in terms of thermal comfort (heating or cooling) and air quality (ventilation). Environmental factors: Air temperature.
Air velocity. Radiant temperature. Relative humidity. Personal factors: Clothing. Metabolic heat. Wellbeing. For more information, see Thermal comfort. Regulations. There is no legal requirement to achieve a minimum or maximum temperature within a building.
Heat stress is caused by a number of environmental and personal factors. Air temperature and the sun are two of these factors but to assess heat exposure and understand the effects of the environment on a person’s body all the important elements need to be taken into consideration.
Water-to-water Environmental factors in the heating of buildings book that distribute heating and cooling to the building via water include two liquid-to-refrigerant heat exchangers.
In heating mode, the heat exchanger coupled to the ground loop acts as the evaporator and the heat exchanger coupled to the building heating. Consequently the weather is a major factor in determining the requirements in a building.
This will be affected by the location that the building is to be constructed as a building in the Middle East will need more energy to cool the building while one in Norway will require it for heating.
(25% of the total energy used in buildings which represents 17% of national primary energy ). This raises the issue of environmental sustainability. In this sense, regulatory documents have been developed which aim, through the design constraints, limiting the energy requirements of heating and cooling provided by buildings - RCCTE .
Climate responsive architecture takes into consideration seasonality, the direction of the sun (sun path and solar position), natural shade provided by the surrounding topography, environmental factors (such as wind, rainfall, humidity) and climate data (temperature, historical weather patterns, etc.) to design comfortable and energy-efficient homes.
Thermal insulation of the building's envelope is one of the main factors that influence the space heating energy consumption. Of the audited building stock, 42% are insulated, 36% are only partially insulated and 22% are not insulated.
Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems: energy-efficient usage and technologies Whilst energy efficiency optimisation is becoming an increasingly important business strategy for managing costs and supporting environmental compliance, the way in which Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems.
building. There are many reasons to do this. Improving energy efficiency will lower carbon emissions and fuel bills and often increase comfort. It also might be necessary to ensure that a building complies with legal requirements. More broadly, improving energy efficiency forms a part of the wider objective to achieve a sustainable environment.
Factors affecting energy consumption of buildings Ralf Lindberg, Minna Korpi, Juha Vinha ABSTRACT The thermal insulation requirements of the Building Code of Finland have been tightened several times since the first energy crisis in the s. The latest revisions have been justified by the international goal of reducing carbon dioxide emissions.
All External Factor that influence Construction can be classified as Environmental Factors that affect Construction Industry. It includes everything outside the project - Climate, Materials, Technology, Location, Economy, Politics, Client and so on. The lesser the predictability of the Environment the more its effects on the Construction.
Environmental Factors of Lighting, Heating, and Ventilation. (1) Lighting. If you can't see well enough because of poor lighting, you probably won't be able to. Buildings and the Environment: A Statistical Summary.
3 emissions, heat-related illness and mortality. One study estimates that the heat island effect is responsible for 5–10% of peak electricity demand for cooling buildings in cities.
Water Use: • Building occupants use 13 percent of the total water consumed in the United States. Heat exchange process in buildings Just like the human body, the building can also be considered as a defined unit and its heat exchange processes with the out-door environment can be examined.
The thermal balance, i.e. the existing thermal condition is maintained if: Qi + Qs ± Qc ± Qv ± Qm - Qe = 0 Qi -Heat output from human bodies, lamps. Heat pumps make use of geothermal heat, or the heat from groundwater depending on the technology. The energy stored in the ambient air is also suitable for heating rooms and for producing hot water.
Heat pumps can make use of this and therefore save heating costs dramatically. The advantages of using environmental heat as an energy source.
Environmental factors that strongly influence equipment reliability are included in Table 1, which provides a checklist for environmental coverage (typical). Concurrent (combined) environments may be more detrimental to reliability than the effects of a. significant contributors to the energy consumption and the comfort parameters of any building.
Control of physical environmental factors (heat, light, sounds) must be considered during the design process, as well as design strategies which improve occupant s’ comfort. High.Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) is most simply described as the conditions inside the building.
It includes air quality, but also access to daylight and views, pleasant acoustic conditions, and occupant control over lighting and thermal comfort.ing environment. Except for the decay caused by cataclysmic events, the princi-pal natural environmental factors affecting the deterioration of materials include, but are not limited to, moisture, temperature, solar radiation, air movement and pressure, precipitation, chemical and biochemical attack, and intrusion by micro-and macro-organisms.